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Ταξιδεύω Ελλάδα Travel to Greece путешествие в Грецию



Greece Travel Guide|Ancient greece

Hephaestus was presented with a thick and long beard. It was very dark face, with thick and ugly features.

The Olympian gods, and was fashioned by ancient Greeks in human form and human body, distinguished for their exceptional beauty. Her hair and face beaming and their form could fascinate and calm even the most wild beasts of nature. Their bodies were perfectly formed with the most perfect proportions. But between them and a living god except the irresistible power and immortality, he looked at all the others. He was Hephaestus, the god of fire and metalworking, the ugliness often cause laughter and ridicule of other gods, which the chagrin too.

Hephaestus was short and stout, with weak legs that could not easily hold the weight. He had shaggy chest and his arms were huge by the continued work in his workshop. He was also lame.

Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Hera. In fact, they say, that Hera gave birth before it even lawful wife of Zeus, from which he had sexual relations with him. Other fabulist tell us that Hera gave birth to Hephaestus without calling male element, just as she had given birth the firstborn child of Gaia. The goddess gave birth to Lemnos and then entrusted him to a blacksmith from Naxos, the Kidaliona, who learned the new god to forge and work metals.

About the first years of his life, and disability facing the leg, are many and varied explanations. A tradition tells us that Hera gave birth just over Hephaestus to Olympus, asked to see her baby. But once he saw the lame and the blackish infant who had been furious. How was it possible to give birth, a beautiful goddess, as an ugly baby? He thought he could not in any way to face the taunts of other gods and the ironic laughter. So furious grabbed the baby and threw it from Olympus. Hephaestus reached the ocean. There they found him and salvage the Thetis and Eurynome. Hephaestus went with them nine first years of his life in a cave, the palace of Nereus. With corals and pearls Hephaestus was making wonderful jewels to the goddesses who protected him. So show them the love and gratitude.

Another legend tells that Hephaestus suffered the unfortunate event in life. It was a day like many others, that the divine couple, Zeus and Hera quarreled. The voices of the Goddess first resounded all over the Olympus and caused the comments of others. He could not imagine how he managed her husband, despite its own efforts to keep the continuity, establish sexual relations with a mortal, the Alcmene. Worst of all was that it took her and a son, Hercules. Zeus began to thunder and flashes of his nerves could not stand another; the morbid jealousy of Hera. Poor Hephaestus in this furious argument sided with his mother. His father then, as it was fogged by his rage, he grabbed the bad son, who never really liked, and threw him with all his strength down from Olympus. Hephaestus an entire day swirled in the air and eventually ended up with more momentum in Lemnos. His body was banged to some cliffs and then Hephaestus koutsathike his entire life.

Generally, the first years of life lived away Hephaestus from Olympus and either alone or with the help of a master craftsman became the first among the gods. His parents did not ever experienced as an equal with other children. Hephaestus was gentle and patient, but always thinking about the behavior of parents and dislikes; caught in the complaint and often took his revenge.

His behavior towards his mother presented with two different forms. In the Iliad, on two different occasions, watching a great loving relationship between mother and son. On one occasion Hera asks Hephaestus to help Achilles in battle with the river Scamander. It is indeed one of the few cases where follow God in all its glory. Scatters all over the camp and the flames burned so all the dead bodies of warriors. The fiery blaze greedily devours then vast areas of forest and immediately makes its final assault. Bulk rapids on the river. The Scamander despite the wet form can not resist the fiery whirlwind. The waters begin to boil and evaporate, the riverbed to dry and heartbreaking words asking God's mercy.

In the second case watch Hephaestus to comfort his mother with the sweetest words, after a terrible quarrel with Zeus. Ask her to show obedience to her husband, the father of gods and men, and coaxing him with nice words.
Instead, there's a funny myth shows Hephaestus to revenge his mother for the initial behavior towards him. Once that was Hera's Day and was a big party on Mount Olympus, Hephaestus gave her a golden throne.

Two whole months he put all his art to achieve the best result. Carved up images and scenes from the feasts of the gods and their daily lives. Hera was really impressed by the gift of her son and tried immediately. He sat a long time proud and discussing with the other gods. But when he wanted to get up, she discovered with great surprise that this was impossible. Hephaestus had placed invisible shackles that prevented it removed from the throne.

- This, my dear mom is my gift to you repay the love you showed me when I was little. Do you blame me I was born ugly and dark and you flew to Mount Olympus?

Hera asked for forgiveness and begged with tears to solve the invisible shackles. All gods took her and began to quarrel Hephaestus. Mars, the god of war, and he was the son of Hera, was angry too. Rushed to Hephaestus to convince him by force, but his brother had already grabbed a burning torch and throw him against it. Mars too scared perched among the goddesses. Then he left Vulcan on Lemnos, which was his favorite island, leaving syxylous other gods with barely restrained laughter seeing the Hera in this situation comedy.

Dionysus, Hephaestus dear friend, undertook to save the situation. He went immediately in Lemnos, in the workshop of the god, and succeeded him at dinner. He sat with him for dinner and a satyr sent to bring him wine from the vineyards. So managed to Hephaestus drunk and convinced him to return with him to Mount Olympus and solve Hera from the shackles of. After a while they both arrived in front of other gods riding a mule. Jupiter soon saw his son told him angry.

-Come, then, Hephaestus, the joke too far. Go ahead, quickly solve his mother.
This traflizontas of drunkenness said it would solve only if Hera, Zeus promises that would make any of thanks was looking for. The king of the gods, unable to do anyway, he accepted. Hephaestus Hera solved and immediately called his wife Venus. All gods; daze the most ugly to marry the goddess of beauty! But Zeus could not do otherwise, because he had sworn an oath. Her face darkened Venus, but could not resist the will of her father. So stretched out her hand to Hephaestus. Of course, the goddess of beauty was not the most faithful husband.
The relations of Hephaestus and Zeus were relations of respect and obedience. Always willingly executed the commands of his father, whom she was very frightened.
Helped the Giants and made countless gifts. By order of the earth made by Pandora and contributed to the punishment of Prometheus, the nailing on the Caucasus as a prey for vultures devouring him the chest.

Homer tells us that the divine blacksmith was erected over his workshop at Olympus. There went the whole day with his tools, the hammer, anvil and the bellows then tinkering. The workshop was fully equipped. Burned while twenty kilns in the order of God strengthens the flames and scattered them as much heat as necessary to master the elaborate bronze, silver and gold.
Hephaestus made many constructions for himself but for many gifts to the gods. First of all, the palace was resplendent. Full of solid gold, carved and worked so much, could not work the best artisans around the world, if they worked throughout their lives. It was filled with various ornaments made of sapphires and diamonds.

The most fantastic of all his creatures were the gold statues built to serve him. These took the form of young girls and Hephaestus had given them strength, thought and life. They were inseparable companions everywhere and always. Followed him in the assemblies of the gods and help him stand up, when tired.

Hephaestus built all the imposing palaces of Olympus and the gods gave him gifts of inestimable value. Donated to Zeus the aegis and a scepter, the sickle of Demeter and Apollo and Artemis their arrows. The Sun gave the brilliant chariot which incessantly traversed the sky in a golden cup Dionysus. The dressy Venus, his wife, gave extremely necklaces and other jewelry made of precious gems, as well as a mirror of the gold not ever parted. His inspiration was the magic tripods that gave to the gods. When assembled to make a serious decision, tripods automatically took place behind every god. Once the meeting ended, each tripod immediately went to the palace of the holder.

The divine blacksmith generously endowed gifts and to mortals. This gave Heracles a golden chest to Ariadne a garland of precious metals and gems and a necklace to Cadmus for his marriage to Harmony. In Aeetes donated two wild bulls they took fire from their nostrils and feet were bronze and silver Alcinous dogs that guarded the palace pleadings concerned the most important constructions are the weapons of Achilles, at the request of Thetis. Homer devotes half rhapsody to describe the resplendent shield that had the form of five concentric circular disks. Hephaestus painted on it the gun throughout the life of gods and humans. He made first and foremost the primary elements of nature: earth, sky, sun and the ocean surrounding everything. Then he painted all the stars of the sky, the Pleiades, the Hyades, Orion and the Bear. Scenes represent marriage and wedding feast, the market action and battles before the walls besieged city. Immediately after he painted scenes of softer, more casual in peacetime: the harvest and the vintage, but also white sheep to graze on green pasture and side stalls and huts of shepherds. Next was a dance performance. Adolescents a