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Ταξιδεύω Ελλάδα Travel to Greece путешествие в Грецию

Ancient Philippi


Greece Travel Guide|Archeological places

Ancient Philippi is a timeless cradle of civilization

Just 15 km from Kavala and other 21 by Drama is one of the most important and famous archaeological sites in Greece and most important of Eastern Macedonia. From 1914 started the excavations in this timeless place "meeting" cultures. The ruins of the monuments that were trapped in different soil layers come to light to give specific information about the life, habits and cults of people who lived here at different historical periods. Join us for a tour of the archaeological site of Philippi and then for a walk in the city of Drama.

History starting in 5000 BC. In Philippi organized life was long before King Philip - since prehistoric times. The starting point is the 5000 BC human presence and continued uninterrupted until the early Iron Age (between 1050 and 700 BC).

The settlement that was abandoned for another more developed west, on top of Fort Hill.

In 360 BC, the citadel was, led by Thassians Kallistrates founded the colony of Krinides. Which was on the only road connecting the interior of Ancient Thrace with the coast and passed between the foot Orvilou terms and members.

So they managed to secure in Thassos access to agricultural products, timber and in the mines of Mt. Just 5 years later, fearing the Thracian tribes of the region, appealed for protection to King Philip II, who captured the city in 356 BC, fortified it, renamed it and settled there Macedonians settlers.

Thanks to the new gold mines were discovered in a nearby area, the city acquired a strong economy.

Philippi became imperial colony and location of military veterans. Between 49-50 AD The tradition adds to an important story, for Christians, a fact: the arrival of the Apostle Paul. With the prevalence of Christianity in the 4th century, the locations of damaged public buildings were erected grand Christian churches (three of whom are now at the archaeological site) and Philippi became a pilgrimage center.

The decline began in the late 6th century and the beginning of the seventh, because people no longer had the ability to restore the buildings suffered destructive earthquakes.

The Slav invasions worse, so many left the city, eventually deserted in the 14th century with the advent of the Turks.

The old highway, although not used anymore, separates the archaeological site of Philippi nearly in half. Information about the city founded by Philip are few compared with the cities of coming years, because the monuments have been excavated mainly belong to the Roman and early Christian times.

Archaeologists have distinguish the northern from the southern part. In the first part of the theater of the fourth century, probably built by Philip, holy, Vasiliki A (5th-6th century), the so-called prison of St. Paul's Basilica C (4th-6th century).

After a period of decline, resurfaced in 42 AD, when he was here the famous battle of Philippi between the Roman armies of Brutus democratic and Kassos and continuing the policy of Julius Caesar, Antony and Octavian (which defeated the republicans).