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Ταξιδεύω Ελλάδα Travel to Greece путешествие в Грецию

Athens Acropolis -Parthenon


Greece Travel Guide|Archeological places

As the Athens Acropolis means the rock on which built the Parthenon, the Temple of Athena Nike and the Propylaea, the Erechtheum and other smaller buildings.

At Athens Acropolis the rock used as a natural shelter, storage and administrative space in cases of siege of Athens and had early buildings of stone and wood, until Pericles decided the construction of the buildings are maintained to this day.

The architects and Iktinos Kallikrates and the sculptor Phidias, were the designers responsible for the execution of the Parthenon.

The works of the Parthenon began in 447pCh and continued until 432pCh. Other buildings completed until 406pCh and other additions were made to the cluster, the most important was the theater of Herod Atticus, the 161mCh.

Pericles used the money of the Delian League, which provoked strong opposition inside and outside the Athens of Pericles' opponents, who accused him of squandering public money and embezzlement of foreign money in times when Athens was moving headlong towards war with Sparta. He later used the Parthenon as a temple, mosque and gunpowder during the Byzantine period and the Ottoman Empire.

The buildings at Athens Acropolis were bombed, was shaken by earthquakes and destroyed by Germans,Franks, Turks and English over the centuries. Nevertheless, the Parthenon is still awesome and is one of the wonders of the ancient world.