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Ταξιδεύω Ελλάδα Travel to Greece путешествие в Грецию

Greek monuments included in the Unesco list

  
  
  
  

Greece Travel Guide|Archeological places

Greek monuments included in the list of Unesco World Heritage


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Greece has signed the 1981 the Treaty of UNESCO for the protection of monuments and World Heritage sites. From then until now, have been included seventeen (17) Greek monuments and sites, the list of UNESCO World Heritage of UNESCO.

The (cultural and natural) World Heritage Sites of UNESCO are monuments or places (eg, forests, mountains, lakes, monuments, cities, etc.), proposed to be integrated and included in the list of monuments Program administered by the international World Heritage World Heritage Committee of UNESCO.

This program aims at cataloging, naming and maintaining their particular areas of cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of mankind. His start was made with the acceptance and adoption of the Treaty on the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage by the UNESCO General Conference on 16 November 1972.

The list of UNESCO consists of 911 sites and monuments that are part of the cultural and natural heritage that have outstanding universal value, according to the World Heritage Committee. These include 704 cultural, 180 natural and 27 mixed sites or sites in 151 States (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list). Since June 2010, 187 States Parties have ratified the World Heritage.

The 17 Greek monuments and World Heritage sites of UNESCO

The first Greek record in the World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 1986 was the integration of Apollo. Since then 16 more records followed by last of the Old Town of Corfu. See all Greek monuments and sites included in the list (www.unesco-hellas.gr/gr/3_5_1.htm):

1.Archaiologikos site of the Acropolis (accession date 1987): The Acropolis includes four of the greatest masterpieces of classical Greek period: the Parthenon, the Propylaea, the Erechtheion and the Temple of Athena Nike, which can be considered symbols of the idea of ​​global heritage.

2.Archaiologikos area Goats in Vergina (accession date 1996): the city of the Aegean, the first capital of ancient Kingdom of Macedonia, was discovered in 19 century near Vergina in northern Greece. The most important monuments are the Palace and the landfill. One of the royal tombs in the Great Tomb, was identified as the tomb of Philip II.

3.Archaiologikos space Delphi (accession date 1987): The National Sanctuary of Delphi, which was given the oracle of Apollo, was considered the "navel of the earth" and the 6th century was a religious center and symbol of unity of the ancient world.

4.Archaiologikos space Mystras (accession date 1989): the wonder of Moria as a fortress was erected in 1249 by King William the Villehardouin of Achaia, regained by the Byzantines and later conquered by the Turks and the Venetians. Abandoned in 1832 leaving fascinating medieval ruins to stand in a place of exceptional beauty.

5.Archaiologikos Olympia area (accession date 1989): The archaeological site of Olympia, a valley of Peloponnese inhabited since prehistoric times. In the 10th century BC was a center of worship of Zeus. Besides the temples, there are the remains of all sports facilities built for the Olympics and who were held in Olympia from 776 BC, every four years.

6.Archaiologikoi Mycenae and Tiryns (accession date 1999): the imposing monuments are the two largest cities of the Mycenaean civilization, which dominated the eastern Mediterranean from the 15th to the 12th century BC and played a vital role in the development of classical Greek culture. These two cities are linked with the Homeric epics, the Iliad and Odyssey, which have influenced European art and literature for more than 3 millennia.

7.Archaiologikos space Delos (accession date 1990): according to Greek mythology, Apollo was born in this small island in the Cyclades, which attracted pilgrims from all over Greece and was a thriving commercial port. The site is exceptionally extensive and rich, and paints a picture of a great cosmopolitan Mediterranean port.

8.Istoriko center (Chora) with the Monastery of St. John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse on Patmos (accession date 1999): Patmos, Dodecanese Islands, is famous as the island where St. John wrote the Gospel and the Apocalypse . A monastery dedicated to the "beloved disciple" was discovered on the island in the late 10th century. The old settlement of Chora, which is connected with it, including folk and religious buildings.

9.Mesaioniki Rhodes (accession date 1988): The Order of St. John of Jerusalem occupied Rhodes from 1309 to 1523 and turned the town into a stronghold. Later, the city was under Italian and Turkish occupation. In the Palace of the Great Lord, the hospital and the way the Knights, the Upper Town is one of the most beautiful cities of the Gothic period.

10.Moni Dafni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios (accession date 1990): Despite the considerable geographic distance (the first in Attica, Phocis in the second and third in the Aegean), these three monasteries belonging to the same typological series. The churches have been built with a large dome which is supported by small arches creating an octagonal space. In the 11th and 12th century churches were varied decoration, polychrome marble revetment and mosaics and mosaics on gold background, all characteristic of the "second Byzantine Period."

11.Palaia Town of Corfu (accession date 2007): the Old Town of Corfu and the two strongholds of the old and new, and with traces of multiple influences, at the entrance of the Adriatic Sea and inhabited from ancient times until today. Due to its strategic location, Corfu became an important harbor that protected the island from the repeated sieges and is considered one of the most fortified cities in the Mediterranean.

12.Palaiochristianika and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki (accession date 1988): Thessaloniki, founded in 315 and was one of the earliest centers of Christianity spread. Among the monuments of Christian churches and are pre-Christian basilica churches built by the 4th to the 15th century and are an enduring typological series, which greatly influenced the Byzantine world. The monuments included in the list is the Rotunda, the temple of Acheiropoiitos and Saint Demetrios, the Abbey Latomou, the church of Hagia Sophia, Notre Chalkeon, the churches of Saint Panteleimon of Holy Apostles, St. Nicholas Orfanos, the St. Catherine and Christ Almighty Saviour, Vlatadon the monastery, the church of Prophet Elias, the Byzantine Baths and the walls of Thessalonica.

13. Samos Heraion archaeological site (accession date 1992): the 3 millennium BC Many civilizations have inhabited this small Aegean island close to Asia Minor. The remains of Pythagorean, an ancient fortified port with Greek and Roman monuments and a spectacular aqueduct, as well as the Heraion, the temple of Hera on Samos, is still visited.

14.Iero of Asklepios at Epidaurus (accession date 1988): The archaeological site of Epidaurus in the Peloponnese, stretching at different levels. The cult of Asclepius first began there for the 6th time century, but the main monuments, especially the theater which is considered as one of the most pure masterpieces of Greek architecture dating from the 4th century.

15. Temple of Epicurean Apollo - Bassai (accession date 1986): The famous temple dedicated to the god of healing and the sun, built in the 5th century on the steep mountains of Arcadia. It has the oldest Corinthian capital ever found and combines ancient rhythms with the strength of the Doric, with some daring architectural features.

16. Meteora (accession date 1988): an inaccessible area of ​​Meteora cliffs peaks, monks settled "the pillars of heaven," as they called them, the sacred monasteries from the 11th century until today. During the revival erimitismou under extremely difficult conditions in the 15th century, built 24 monasteries. The paintings of the monasteries, which date from the 16th century, a point of reference for the development of post-Byzantine painting.

17. Mount Athos - Athos (accession date 1988): Orthodox spiritual center since 1054, Mount Athos enjoys autonomy from the Byzantine era and is recognized as landscape art. The entrance to it is forbidden to women. The layout of the monasteries has influenced distant monasteries (like Russia) and the icon painting school has greatly influenced the history of Orthodox art.