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Ταξιδεύω Ελλάδα Travel to Greece путешествие в Грецию

Kefalonia

  
  
  
  

Greece Travel Guide|Greek Islands

Kefalonia is the sixth largest island in Greece, occupying an area of ​​786 sq. km.


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Kefalonia is the largest island in the Ionian despite coming second in population to 36,527 residents (census 2001). The capital of Kefalonia and Ithaka prefecture is Argostoli, since 1757. The annexation of the Ionian Islands in Greece took place on 21 May 1864. The island was severely damaged by the earthquake of 1953, when nearly destroyed but later rebuilt by the people so now knowing rapid tourist development

Called the 'island of strangeness' of the many unusual phenomena recorded on the island. The coastline length of 254 km, reveals a rich horizontal division. Strips of land protruding into the sea forming the peninsulas of Paliki to the west and north Erisou, while the sea forms a broad coves and bays. The main port of Sami is opposite to Ithaca, and the Argostoli to the west, which was in the ancient natural strategic naval base. The bays of Myrtos and Athera in the north, and Lourda Katelios south boast charming beaches attract many visitors each year. The geological phenomena of the island sinks, the cave Drogarati and limnospilaio Melissani.

The name of Kefalonia, as Herodotus calls it, came from Kefallanes, people of Western Greece. The turbulent history of the island, however, resulted in large fluctuations in population followed by intense internal migration to urban centers.
For attractions, the most important are the Archaeological Museum of Argostoli, the Maritime and Environmental Museum of Fiskardo, with information about the history of the island, marine life and natural beauty, the Museum of Natural History Kefalonia and Ithaki, in Davgata, the Ecclesiastical Museum Holy Monastery of Saint Andrew Milapidia where ecclesiastical relics, paintings, icons and frescoes and the Monastery of Saint Gerasimos (or New Jerusalem). Delivery of the wines are produced on the island, the most famous variety Robola, while the kitchen includes Kefalonia Ionian Islands known dishes such as pastitsada and aliada