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Ταξιδεύω Ελλάδα Travel to Greece путешествие в Грецию



Greece Travel Guide|Archeological places

Knossos is for Heraklion and the whole island what is the Parthenon for Athens.

Thousands of tourists come to Knossos from all corners of the earth to witness what was left of the famous palaces of Knossos and the beautiful archaeological findings, which reveal an innovative culture that was born in Knossos in Minoan times and was so brilliant, that illuminated the whole of Europe.

The archaeological site of Knossos is located 5 km southwest of the city of Heraklion and is "guarded archaeological site", open daily from sunrise until sunset.

Department of the palace of Knossos Knossos OF THE PALACE: In mythology, the first king who lived in this palace was Asterion and his wife were in Europe. (Europe has had 3 children from sexual encounters with Jupiter: Minos, and Rodamanthys Sarpidona ...)
When you get to the archaeological site of Knossos, close your eyes and try to imagine the palace of Knossos: A palace surpass in grandeur and luxury of any other building in the whole of Europe from the Bronze Age.
A palace of 22,000 square meters, with 1500 rooms, pentaorofo (!) At some points, with two large paved courtyards, theater, temples, workshops and warehouses with great earthen jars. A palace built by wise architecture which ensure coolness in summer, warm in winter, had plenty of light in all areas and a drainage system that will be the envy of many!
A palace decorated with stunning, beautiful murals, painted in vivid colors on the columns and walls, tied with stories and legends such as the Minotaur and Ariadne in the "clue" that are pulled Theseus from the Labyrinth ...

Knossos - mural HISTORY: The Knossos was the most important and powerful cities of Minoan Crete. It was the state capital of the legendary monarch King Minos, the upper of all other kings of Crete, who managed to establish a lasting peace (the famous "Pax Minoica"), which effectively helped in the economic and cultural ascent of the island. After many years of prosperity and welfare, the Minoan Palace of Knossos, and Minoan Phaistos, suffered the consequences of terrible destruction around 1400 BC (By an earthquake or invasion).

After the terrible destruction of the Minoan civilization, Knossos was rebuilt again as a city, but no longer the glorious palaces. Maybe the seat of the Minoan Administration-State after the total destruction of the Palace of Knossos-be shifted to a neighboring position.

During the Greek period, Knossos grew again and as the city had for a long time the leadership in Crete. But utterly destroyed (3rd century BC) from the neighboring Gortyn.
The name of Knossos continued to refer to the 5th century AD as bishop. But later the seat of the diocese was transferred from the ancient city of Knossos Rafkos-present Holy Myron, and the name "Knossos" refers stopped completely! The position of the once mighty Knossos took an inconspicuous settlement, the Makrytoichos, which lasted until today.

The settlement was renamed in 1961 Makrytoichos "Knossos" and so glorious resurrected the old name of the ancient city