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Ταξιδεύω Ελλάδα Travel to Greece путешествие в Грецию

Thessaloniki Top


Greece Travel Guide|Places to visit

Green courtyards and fragrant alleys, trails refugees, neighborhood and tidiness.

Monuments Hellenistic, Byzantine, Ottoman. Building of traditional architecture and eclectic side in refugee kastroplikta add a rich, original and delightful puzzle on top of Thessaloniki.

A residential particularity in the bowels of Thessaloniki. The diverse cultural heritage of Thessaloniki reflected in the winding streets of Old Town, landscaped in the Byzantine churches, the walls of the citadel, the remaining prosfygospita and preserved, makedonitikis style, mansions.
The people, who preferred not to "mansions" of the coastal road victory, but stayed in the neighborhood with the best view, that the spring smell jasmine, laundry and freshly stretched delicacies. Students who take up the residential aged 70s, giving them new life ... There, a breath away from the bustling center, 30,000 people experience their daily life, overlooking the Ottoman fountains, elaborately painted under sachnisia, freskoasvestomenous next to walls, "skaronontas" their own "wells" next to flowery terraces .
Easily lost in Upper Town, but do it with joy. You find yourself enjoying every moment of the "bad" luck, that this led to a more beautiful alley, which would not otherwise have met. Ptoeisai There will not be sidetracked; hard to get out "paraexo." The Byzantine fortifications (originally made for defensive purposes rather than to accommodate a settlement), the enclosing walls to protect the high and still evident refugee identity.

Walking inside the walls, come to mind first inhabitants, the few Muslims in the 17th century and later the refugees, after the disaster of '22 found on this fallow land their new home. Occasionally looking up, "listens" the whispers echoing dozens of remaining poor; kastroplikta those houses stuck like "oysters" on the walls, made the reality of their bosses need to take root somewhere, make a fresh start and unconsciously admire that chose to house their most robust backbone of Thessaloniki.
The east side of the Byzantine walls moving parallel to the street El Campus
The east side of the Byzantine walls moving parallel to the street El Campus

The multipurpose character of Old Town evolves through an unbroken history of centuries and is bounded east by the street Helen campus, west of the St. Catherine area, south of Olympia and north of the street Eptapyrgiou. A historic urban fabric, made of narrow streets and blind alleys, squares and neighborhoods that keep the human scent, they put their own stone to the multicultural "mosaic" that since 1979 a traditional settlement.

Thessaloniki was the end of the 19th century. On the northeast side of the road Eptapyrgiou, located in the 15th century tower triangle, cylindrical impressive fortress with the White Tower (east) and that the Vardar (west), were the strongest bastions of the Turks. From here you have unobstructed views of the east wall, while "katasarka" starts and the largest surviving piece of the north side.

The works started in Hellenistic times, over the years increased, taking its final form in the Byzantine era. In M. Constantine and Theodosius later on, the perimeter of a fortified fortress complex counting the 8 km. With time and further development of martial arts have lost their defensive value while at the same time appeared the imperative of tackling the epidemic. These are compounded by a general effort to "beautify" the hand of the Turkish government and, like this, explained the demolition of large parts of it, first and foremost, these beach.
Upper Town: Byzantine echoes

Today, the length of the walls does not exceed 3 km, many of the gates have been destroyed but the walls of Old Town survived almost intact. Curiously, the site of the citadel, the ultimate and most powerful defensive fortifications along the Genti Kule (Eptapyrgio Ellinisti) is not included within a redevelopment project of the traditional village!

The towers on the north side are part of the Early Christian wall of the citadel, while those of the south were added in the mid-Byzantine period. The entrance was built in 1431 by Tsaous Bey, the first governor of Thessaloniki after the fall and bears as "impressive" building materials segments Byzantine churches! From 1890 and for a century, the Genti Kule has the reputation of "sweat shop notorious" (sung as such in many rebetika songs), and acts as a male, female and military prison. In 1989 he transferred to the ministry of culture, making longer-visited monument "witness" the thorny history.